Non-import agreementsFacts and basic information: The French and Indian war (seven years of war) had left Britain with a massive war debt and the British were looking for ways to reduce the war debt by imposing new taxes in the colonies. Tensions in the colonies increased due to the demands and taxes imposed by the British Parliament. There were no American settlers in the British Parliament, which led to the reputation: “No taxation without representation!” American politicians and patriots, led by the intelligence firm Sons of Liberty, began protesting British laws and taxes. The sons of freedom and American merchants launched a boycott of English products in response to the new taxes. The whole struggle for the 1760s can be seen as a firm commitment by the settlers to economic and political independence, as an attempt to eliminate illegal taxes and customs duties, which they believed was possible. One of these attempts was the Boston Non-Import Agreement, which, although not very successful, also contributed to this struggle, which would later lead to an escalation of conflicts and, later, to the American Revolution itself. It can also be concluded that non-imports were also a means of cleaning up inventories, resetting profitability and offsetting exchange rates. Second non-import agreementsThe second non-import agreements in 1767 were triggered by the Townshend Acts, which imposed taxes on British imports into America, including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. In protest of the new taxes, Boston immediately reinstated its embargo on British imports. New York followed in 1768 and Philadelphia in 1769 after stocking imports. Traders in the southern colonies did not accede to the embargo. Smuggling of goods into colonies other than Great Britain has become a common practice, referring to the De Gaspee case. British exports were again severely affected and pressure again forced Parliament to lift townshend tariffs on all raw materials except tea.
Throughout 1770 Boston merchants tried unsuccessfully to renew the non-import agreement. In May, they learned that Parliament had abolished customs duties on townshends (with the exception of the tea tax). The non-import movement rapidly collapsed, and the settlers were even the most patriotic settlers who wanted to consume their British luxury again.